link A to B 将A和B连接起来
e.g. When he said “some students”, do you think he wasreferring to us?
e.g. If you don'tunderstand a word you may refer to your dictionaries.
Please refer to the lastpage of the book for answers.
e.g. What I have to sayrefers to all of you.
This rule refers toeveryone.
reference: n. 参考
e.g. reference books 参考书
7. to one's surprise (prep)
“to one's + 名词”表“令某人……”
常见的名词有“delight, disappointment, enjoyment, astonishment 等
e.g. I discovered, to myhorror, that the goods were entirely unfit for sale.
To John's great relief theyreached the house at last.
8. ... found themselves united peacefully
“find +宾语+宾补( adj; adv; v-ing; pp; 介词短语;不定式)”
e.g. A cook will beimmediately fired if he is found smoking in the kitchen.
You'll find him easy to getalong with.
They found themselvestrapped by the bush fire.
When I woke up, I foundmyself in hospital.
I called on him yesterday,but I found him out.
9. get sth done =have sthdone 使某事被做…….
e.g. I'll just get thesedishes washed and then I'll come.
get + n. + to do
get + n. + doing
You'll get her to agree.
I'll get the car going.
get done: 用于意想不到、突然或偶然发生，意为“被…….”
e.g. Be careful when youcross this very busy street.
10.break away (from sb /sth) 脱离;破除…
e.g. It is not easy for himto break away from bad habits.
The man broke away from hisguards.
break down (会谈)破裂，失败;(汽车等)出故障;(人的健康状况)变得恶劣;(情感)失控
e.g. His car broke down onthe way to work this morning.
His health broke down underthe pressure of work.
He broke down and wept whenhe heard the news.
Talks between the twocountries have completely broken down.
break in 闯入;打岔
break off 中断，折断
break into 闯入
break out 爆发;发生
break up 驱散;分散，拆散
11. as well as 不仅…而且;既…又…
e.g. He is a teacher aswell as a writer.
The children as well astheir father were seen playing football in the street.
e.g. We bought this housefor its convenience.
1). 吸引;引力(不可数 n.)
2). 吸引人的东西;喜闻乐见的东西;精彩节目(可数 n.)
e.g. attraction ofgravitation 重力
He can't resist theattraction of the sea on a hot day.
A big city offers many andvaried attractions.
What are the principleattractions this evening?
1) v. 对…产生影响
e.g. What influence you tochoose a career in teaching?
e.g. He is one of the goodinfluences in the school.
3) (不可数n.) 影响
e.g. A teacher has greatinfluence over his pupils.
have an impression of sth./doing sth. 对(做)某事有印象
make an impression on sb. 给某人留下印象
make no impression on 对……无影响/效果
give sb.a favorable impression 给某人留下好印象
an impression of one’s foot 某人的脚印
Your performance gave me a strong impression.
What I said made no impression on him.
impress sth.on/upon one’s mind 把……牢记在心上
lack sth. 缺少某物
lack for sth. 缺少;需要
for/through lack of... 因缺乏……
no lack of... 不缺乏
a/the lack of ... ……的缺乏
He didn’t go there because he lacked courage.
The plant died for lack of water.植物因缺水而死。
They lacked for nothing.他们无所需求。
lacking adj. 匮乏的;不足的;没有的
be lacking in 缺乏(品质、特点等)
She seems to be lacking in common sense.
lose sight of 看不见;忘记;失去
catch sight of sth./sb. 看见某物/人
at first sight 初看之下;乍看起来
at (the) sight of 一看见就……
out of sight 看不见
be in sight 看得见，在眼前
Out of sight, out of mind. 眼不见,心不烦。
Last summer we had seen the sights of Beijing.
Crusoe was frightened at the sight of a man’s footprint.
require that+主语+(should)+动词原形 需要某人做某事
require sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事
require sth.(of sb.) 要求(某人)某事
I will do everything that is required of me.
The situation requires that I(should)be there.
The house requires mending.
The house requires to be mended. 房屋需要维修。
All cars require servicing regularly.
They required him to keep it a secret.
assist sb. in/with sth. 帮助(某人)某事
assist sb. in doing sth. 帮助(某人)做某事
assist sb. to do sth. 帮助(某人)做某事
assist with 帮助(照料，做);在……上给予帮助
I am willing to assist you whenever there is an opportunity.
I’m afraid I can’t assist you, you have to go and see the manager. 我恐怕帮不上忙，你得去找经理。
The headmaster assists with a lot of things when free.